In a world inundated with information it is more important than ever to know how to extract meaning and understanding from text and to be able to apply that elsewhere. If your child is battling, try these comprehension strategies and help them to master this skill.
7 Strategies to Improve and Build Comprehension Skills.
Sit with your child and ask them to read a paragraph or a few sentences to you – adjust according to their age:
- Make connections – connect what they are reading to what they already know about the world, themselves, etc. “This makes me think of our holiday in Cape Town… I know all about dogs because I have a puppy…”
- Ask questions – ask what they think of the text, why they think that, why the characters did that, what will happen next?
- Create mind movies – Creating visual images brings the text alive. These “mind movies” make the story more memorable. You can help your child do this by reading aloud and describing the pictures you’re seeing in your own imagination. Employ multi-sensory learning by using all five senses and emotions. If your child likes to draw, ask her to draw what’s in her imagination.
- Make Inferences: We “infer” by combining what we already know with clues from a story. For example, when we read, “Her eyes were red and her nose was runny,” we can infer that she has a cold or allergies. You can help your child with this reading skill by predicting what might happen in the story as you read aloud. Then invite your child to do the same.
- Decide what’s important? Determining what’s important is central to reading. When you read a story with your child, you might download a story map or a story element organizer. You can use it to keep track of the main characters, where the story is taking place, and the problem and solution of the story.
- Monitor Comprehension: Readers who monitor their own reading use strategies to help them when they don’t understand something. Teach your child how to “click and clunk.” Read a page together and ask her to hold up one finger when the reading is making sense (click) and two fingers when meaning breaks down (clunk). To repair the “clunks,” use these “fix-up” strategies:
- Read on—now does it make sense?
- Read out loud.
- Read more slowly.
- Look at illustrations.
- Identify confusing words.
By doing this they will build metacognition – the ability to think about thinking. Metacognition implies an understanding of one’s own thought process. In reading this means the reader can think critically about their own understanding as they go. They are aware of their own cognitive experience.Check here for more on this vital reading skill.
7. Finally – get them to write about what they have read. Summarise the plot or their favourite part of the book. Do a creative writing passage inspired by what they have read. Do book reports for fun.